While some of the degree programs are existential, others are new in their approach. Let us look at some of the best types of engineering courses in India that are gaining popularity and building the foundations of ‘”Make in India.”
6 Different Types Of Engineering Courses In India
With India on the world map for startup and innovation, it is a major push for several technical institutions to explore programs that will fire the cognitive abilities of the student population and motivate them to create something new.
Computer Science and Engineering
Since we are the cusp of technical innovation, we cannot negate the importance of Computer Science and Engineering, an academic program that is the most sought after courses in the Indian technical education.
In this course, students are introduced to the following:
• Theory: More commonly known as the CS theory, this part of computer engineering helps create algorithms, equations, and many other foundations for innovations as well as discoveries that are relayed in our daily lives. Cryptography is yet another growing area of this field, which involves high-level mathematics.
• Hardware: Building chips, processors, and circuits to name a few are what comprises the “hardware” section of computer engineering.
• Networking: Ranging from domestic to high intelligence government systems, networking plays an important role in establishing secure links.
• Graphics: This arena includes data visualization, which helps analyze and encrypt several complex data. This also extends to the creative realm of animation.
• Programming Language: Probably, one of the most heard of segments, programming languages set the base of any software, modules, and programs.
• Software Engineering: It is a mix of programming languages, graphics, coding, and much more. This segment deals with creating unique software that is custom made for specific purposes.
• Systems: Systems is an all-encompassing study of the computer, a combination of input, output, process, and store data.
• Artificial Intelligence: One of the most commonly known element, AI is a mix of machine learning, Natural Language Understanding (NLU), Natural Language Processing (NLP), and Natural Language Generation (NLG), aimed at creating human-like interactions and experiences by machines. A lot needs to be done in this segment.
Mechanical engineering is a discipline the applies theoretical knowledge to the functioning of the world and create innovations that are in sync with development. It rests upon the principles of physics, mathematics, and material science to analyze, develop, design, manufacture and operate machinery.
• Robotics: In this, the engineer will learn about designing and creating robots that react to their surroundings and instructions given. These robots can range from simple designs to highly complicated ones designed for large scale activities.
• Thermodynamics: Thermodynamics is the study of energy and if you are interested in this subject, then your area of expertise will revolve around understanding various forms of energy and its conservation. It can range from heat to refrigeration to fluid mechanics.
• Nanotechnology: Nanotechnology engineering specialize in nanoparticles, which are of the size 10-9 m. These studies help to understand the building blocks of the world and apply practical skills to a category of substances that are very different from what we usually see.
• Manufacturing: Perhaps the most common of all, manufacturing includes a variety of specialization, ranging from design & development of machines to research and testing.
Rathinam Technical Campus’s Engineering +3 comprises of Entrepreneurship Training from EDII Centre of Excellence, IOT & Embedded System Programming with Texas Instruments and NSDC certification in Big Data training, Robotics programming, and 3D design & visual training.
Electronics and Communication Engineering
The field of ECE deals with electronic circuits, electronic devices, communication equipment such as transmitters, receivers, and IC (Integrated Circuits). The study and applications revolve around basic electronics, digital and analog transmission & reception of voice, video, and data, satellite communication, microprocessors, antennae, wave progression, and microwave engineering.
• Electromagnetics: It is a study of electromagnetic forces, a type of energy between charged particles.
• Electronics: Blending the physics, engineering, technology and applications that study emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter.
• Electrical circuits and machines: It is the study of electrical circuits and machines and the flow of energy within them.
• Signals and systems: Studying the input and output of signals from systems and their effects.
• Digital signal processing: It is the deployment of digital processing such as computers or other elements to perform diverse signal processing operations.
Civil Engineering is one of the four major branches of engineering which deals with design, construction, and maintenance of infrastructures that can range from commercial properties to treatment plants and many others. The discipline also deals with the different types of materials to be used in the construction process and technology that can help ease the process of development.
• Structural Engineering: In this discipline, students are introduced to the study of the strength of structures and how to make them more durable.
• Environmental Engineering: This element deals with the study of the construction of treatment plants, water resource engineering, and many others.
• Geotechnical Engineering: Geotechnical engineering is the study of the ground where the entire infrastructure will be laid upon.
• Planning and Development: This study deals with setting up of townships, villages, and cities while ensuring seamless amenities.
• Transportation Engineering: The world is connected via transportation and transportation engineering helps in laying down the plans for these.
Chemical engineering is a branch of the engineering tree where students are introduced to the blended concepts of chemistry, physics, mathematics, biology, and economics to optimize the production and deployment of chemicals in an array of business sectors. This branch also deals with the development of chemicals and energy transfusion as a result.
• Biochemical engineering: A study of the foundations of chemical engineering.
• Biomedical engineering: A multi-disciplinary field that combines the STEM expertise.
• Chemical process modeling and design: A computer modeling technique to help use chemical knowledge practically.
• Materials science and technology: This discipline involves the production of goods from raw materials to the processing of materials into the shapes and forms needed for specific applications.
• Rubber technology: This deals with the transformation of rubber and various types and productions used in diverse sectors.
Next on the list of types of engineering courses in India is the Bio-medical engineering, a branch where the students learn about creating and calibrating instruments used in the healthcare industry. This discipline also paves the way for development of new devices.
• Surgical Instrument and Medical Devices
• Tissue Engineering: Creation of tissues and tissue materials from failing body parts.
• Biomaterials: Man made materials created to mimic human anatomy and fit in the natural biological mold.
• Neural Engineering: Study of interaction between the body’s nervous system and the artificial medical devices.
• Biomechanics: It is the study of the body and its movements.
• Telehealth: The study of blending technology with medical care to deliver healthcare services.
• Biosignal Processing: The study of analyzing and measuring the signals that the body gives off and determining the overall health.
• Medical Imaging: Medical image provides an internal view of the body which can improve the accuracy of diagnosis and treatment.